Caroline Minuscule, the reformed script of the Carolingian world from the late 8th through the 11th centuries. Hierarchy of scripts and other features of Carolingian page design.
St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 75, p. 521.
Transcribe the first 17 lines in column 2.
This 9th-century Bible from Tours has good word separation and fairly clear letters, but it has a few early-Caroline features that may cause confusion. In particular, watch out for three forms of a:
Reminder: recording scribal alterations
This exercise gives you a chance to try out the conventions we introduced in the Transcription Basics lesson for recording alterations to the original text.
This transcription passage contains one place where the scribe erased two letters because he had written them twice by mistake, and another place where he seems to have erased a letter at the beginning of a line. Put the letters that were erased, if you can make them out, inside square brackets: [ ]. If you can't make them out, leave a blank space between the brackets to indicate that something has been erased.
There is also one place where the scribe, or a corrector, inserted a letter that had been left out. You should indicate a scribal insertion above the line by putting the inserted letter between outward-leaning slash marks: \ /
Note on punctuation: This scribe uses a variety of punctuation symbols that are hard to reproduce typographically. For this exercise, just use a period each time the scribe inserts one of his punctuation marks.
Transcribe lines 1-17 from the second column.
St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 75, p. 521. (www.e-codices.unifr.ch)
Transcription Answer (Notepad )
2. quia meliora sunt ubera tua
3. uino flagrantia unguentis op(-)
4. timis. Oleum effusum nomen tuum
5. ideo adulescentulae dilexerunt te. trahe me
6. post te. curremus in odorem unguentorum
7. tuorum. Introduxit me rex in cellaria sua.
8. exultabimus et laetabimur in te. memores
9. [es] uberum tuorum. sup(er) uinum recti diligunt te.
10. VOX SYNAGOGAE
11. Nigra sum sed formosa filiae hierusa(-)
12. lem sicut tabernacula caedar. sicut
13. [ ]pellis salomon\i/s. Nolite me considerare
14. quod fusca sim. quia decoloraruit me sol. filii
15. matris meae pugnauerunt contra me.
16. posuerunt me custodem in uineis. Uine(-)
17. am meam non custodiui. VOX ECCLESIAE
Walters Art Museum, W.4, f. 38r
Transcribe the first 13 lines (omitting the running title).
This 9th-century copy of the Gospels has less-clear word separation than some other manuscripts we have looked at and is more highly abbreviated. The story, though, is a familiar one.
There are several nomina sacra in this text but they are not set off by special letterforms and are not clearly separated from nearby words. Watch out for them!
This scribe uses a fine acute accent to mark monosyllabic words. Be careful not to confuse those marks with the common mark of abbreviation.
This scribe clearly uses majuscule letters at the start of major sense units. You may transcribe them as capitals.
As in the last exercise, you can just use a period to represent the scribe's various forms of punctuation—but note the variety of his symbols as you transcribe.
Walters Art Museum, W.4, f. 38r. © 2011 Walters Art Museum, used under a CC BY-SA license.
Transcription Answer (Notepad )
2. tuit eu(m) supra pinnaculu(m) te(m)pli et dix(it) ei˙ Si filius
3. d(e)i es· mitte te deorsum˙ Scriptu(m) e(st) eni(m)· Quia
4. angelis suis mandabit de te· et in manibus tol(-)
5. lent te· ne forte offendas ad lapide(m) pede(m) tuu(m)·
6. Ait illi ie(su)s rursum· Scriptum e(st)·´ n(on) te(m)ptabis d(omi)n(u)m
7. d(eu)m tuu(m)˙ Iteru(m) assu(m)psit eu(m) diabolus in monte(m)
8. excelsu(m) ualde· et ostendit ei om(ni)a regna mun(-)
9. di· et gloriam eoru(m)· et dix(it) illi˙ Haec omnia tibi
10. dabo·´ si cadens adoraueris me˙ Tunc dicit ei ie(su)s˙
11. Vade satana˙ Scriptu(m) e(st)· D(omi)n(u)m d(eu)m tuu(m) adorabis
12. et illi soli seruies˙ Tunc reliquit eu(m) diabolus˙
13. et ecce angeli accesserunt· et ministrabant ei˙